The rugged, rocky, windswept shoreline of Douglas Channel and Kitimat harbour are very different from the Nile Delta, a gigantic flat estuary, so much bigger than the Kildala or Giltoyees, warm, on the Mediterranean, a cradle of human civilization.
KBR, the main contractor for the Kitimat LNG project front end engineering, is basing its planning for the Kitimat terminal on a project it built in Egypt, Dave Thorn, Encana Vice President of Canadian Marketing told an investor conference call on Tuesday, Oct, 4, 2011.
Thorn told the call that plans for the Kitimat terminal are based on the “Seagas” terminal in Damietta, (also known as Dumyat) Egypt, 60 kilometres west of Port Said on the Nile Delta.
The terminal is used to export liquified natural gas from fields in Egypt to customers in Spain.
In 2000, what was then Haliburton KBR was given the contract for front-end engineering and design (FEED) through a joint venture in Egypt, Damietta LNG Construction Llc. The joint venture later got the contract to build the LNG terminal complex.
The terminal is formally called SEGAS, an acronym for the Spanish Egyptian Gas Company.
According to the Wikipedia entry, the output capacity of the plant is 5 million tons of LNG per year. The complex includes the LNG liquefaction train, inlet gas reception area (metering and analysis), natural gas liquids removal and fractionation area, a docking jetty for tanker loading and transportation, LNG refrigerated storage and export facilities (tanks and booms), utilities and supporting infrastructure (power, water and roads), gas metering and treatment facilities (acid gas removal and dehydration), refrigerant condensate and LNG storage (two 150,000 m³ PC LNG storage tanks). The total investment costs of the LNG complex were around US$1.3 billion.
Unlike Kitimat, where the natural gas will come from the Horn River Basin, the natural gas in Egypt is close to the terminal, in large fields under the Nile Delta. The plant is supplied by natural gas from the West Delta Deep Marine Concession Area about 140 kilometres (90 mi) from the LNG complex.
About 3.2 million tons of LNG is sold to Unión Fenosa Gas which has a receiving terminal at Sagunto, Spain. The rest is sold on the open market by the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company.
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In ancient history the port was known as Tarniat, It was later overshadowed by the growth of nearby Alexandria. From seventh to the twelfth centuries, under Muslim caliphs, Diamietta was both an important naval base and an import point for goods from as far away as China. Today, in addition to the LNG terminal, it has a major container port.
KBR, formerly Kellogg Brown and Root has been involved in construction, mostly in the energy industry, for more than a century. For many years the company was part of the Haliburton empire, but was spun off in 2007 and is now headquartered in Houston, Texas.
The company was recently involved in a number of scandals and lawsuits, mainly tied to its role as a prime contractor for the US military in Iraq.
Related link: SEGAS Liquefied Natural Gas Complex, Damietta